Kagoshima. Capital of Japan’s southernmost prefecture, Kagoshima faces the Kinko-wan Bay and the Sakurajima Volcano. Visit the Iso-teien Garden laid out in 1660 by the Shimazu lord of the time or one of the city’s many museums, including the Shōkō Shuseikan, next to the Iso Garden, the City Art Museum or the Kagoshima Prefectural Museum of Culture on the site of the former Tsurumaru-jo Castle.

Livorno, Italy